Check the latest UofT COVID-19 updates more information
Graduate Programs

Combined Juris Doctor/PhD (Economics) Program

This program allows a student to complete all the requirements for the Juris Doctor and all the requirements for the PhD except a dissertation in four years, rather than the five years it would take to reach this stage if the programs were taken separately. In the fifth year and beyond, a dissertation will be completed.

Applicants must gain independent admission to both the JD program and the PhD program in Economics. They should indicate on their applications that they wish to be considered for the Combined Program. Applicants must satisfy the admission requirements for each program.

Year One

First year law courses.

Year Two

The requirements for the second year are the same as the requirements for the first year of an Economics PhD.
  • ECO1011H, an intensive preparatory course in mathematics and statistics for PhD students, which meets daily for three weeks beginning in mid-August
  • ECO2200H, Microeconomic Theory I
  • ECO2201H, Microeconomic Theory II
  • ECO2100H, Macroeconomic Theory I
  • ECO2101H, Macroeconomic Theory II
  • ECO2400H, Econometrics I
  • ECO2401H, Econometrics II.
Theory Comprehensive Exams
Students are required to take comprehensive examinations in microeconomic and macroeconomic theory after the end of the Winter semester. Performance on these exams is evaluated on a distinction/pass/fail basis. If a theory comprehensive examination is failed on the first attempt, it must be re-taken later in the summer (usually in August) of the same year.

Year Three

Department of Economics Requirements
  • The courses for a "major" field
  • Field comprehensive examination in major field
  • One half-course in Law and Economics
  • Graduate Research Seminar (ECO4060Y), including second-year paper
For details of these requirements, please see the PhD program page.
Faculty of Law Requirements
  • One-half of normal law school course load (14–16 credit hours).
The economics courses and second-year paper count as 15 credit hours, to complete the 28–32 credit hours required in the Faculty of Law. The Law and Economics course in this year satisfies the Law School requirement that a student take at least one perspective course.

Year Four

  • Law courses (28–32 credit hours, including the extended paper requirement in law).

Years Five and Later

Students complete a dissertation. It is expected, but not required, that a student's dissertation committee will include a member of the Faculty of Law.

Tuition, Registration and Financial Assistance

Students are expected to be registered in the Combined JD/PhD (Economics) program as follows:

Year One Faculty of Law FULL TIME
Year Two Department of Economics FULL TIME
Year Three Department of Economics FULL TIME
Year Four Faculty of Law FULL TIME

In the first year, students will pay law school tuition and will be eligible for all law school scholarships, bursaries, etc. In the second and third years, students will pay the fees appropriate to the PhD in Economics and will be eligible for the guaranteed funding package. In the fourth year, students will be registered again in the Faculty of Law, pay law school tuition, and be eligible for financial assistance from the Faculty.