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MA and PhD Programs

Graduate Record Examination (GRE) Requirements

  1. All applicants who do not have a degree (undergraduate or graduate) from a Canadian university are required to submit an official GRE® General Test Score (no exceptions). Please note that home test options may be available in some regions.
  2. Applicants who have a degree from a Canadian university are strongly encouraged, but not required, to submit an official GRE® General Test Score, especially if their undergraduate degree is not from a major university.
  3. The GMAT cannot be substituted for the GRE.

Minimum test score requirements

While we do not have any strict GRE score requirements, we normally expect applicants to the MA program to obtain scores of at least 160 in the Quantitative Reasoning section and 3.5 in the Analytical Writing section. Similarly, we normally expect applicants to the PhD program to obtain scores of at least 165 in the Quantitative Reasoning section and 4.0 in the Analytical Writing section.

The admission process

Please read in full the application information and instructions prior to starting the university's online admission application to ensure you have informed yourself on essential information including: application deadlines, application processing time, planning for your application submission, how to apply, contact information and the application assessment process. When you arrange for your official score to be sent to the University of Toronto, use both our institution code 0982 and our department code 1801 (to ensure that your results are correctly directed to us).


Once the university's online application form has been completed and the application fee paid (final deadline January 19, 2024), applicants will receive an email message from the Department of Economics with a link to a supplementary form. When this form is completed and the Economics Graduate Office has received all required supporting documentation (final deadline January 19, 2024), the department will begin to review and assess the application. To avoid any issues, we strongly advise applicants to complete their application and supplementary form well in advance of the deadline. To be considered for certain prestigious scholarships, such as the Connaught or Trillium scholarship, the application must be completed by January 19, 2024, including all required supporting documentation.

The application assessment process

The files of applicants who meet the minimum requirements, submit all the required documents and complete the department supplementary form by the deadline will be reviewed by the Department of Economics Admissions Committee. Note: The meeting of these requirements is only a necessary condition, not a sufficient condition, for acceptance into the program. The Admissions Committee normally starts to make first round offers from mid-March through early April and may continue with subsequent rounds of offers until June. All applicants will be notified either with an offer of admission or rejection of their application by the end of June.

Please see our FAQ pages (MA, PhD) for answers to commonly asked questions.