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MA and PhD Programs

English Language Requirements

  1. You are required to submit official English language proficiency test scores if (a) you do not have a degree from a Canadian university and (b) you do not have a degree from a university in which the language of instruction and examination is English. Please note that if you have a degree from a Canadian university for which the language of instruction is French, you are not required to submit English language proficiency test scores.
  2. You are not required to submit official test scores if (a) you have a degree from a Canadian university (regardless of the language of instruction) or (b) you have a university degree for which the language of instruction and examination was English (regardless of the country in which you obtained the degree). Applicants from a non-English speaking country (other than Canada) whose degree was conducted in English must arrange for the submission to the Economics Graduate Office (below address) of an official written statement from that institution confirming the use of English as the language of instruction and examination.

    MA and PhD Graduate Office Admissions, Department of Economics
    Max Gluskin House, 150 St. George Sreet, GE166
    University of Toronto
    Toronto, ON M5S 3G7, Canada

  3. The minimum acceptable test scores are provided in the table below. (We admit students with scores below these minima only in exceptional cases at the discretion of the Admissions Committee and the School of Graduate Studies. Requests for exceptions to be made will not be answered.) Please note that home test options may be available in some regions (see for example, ETS).
  4. Test scores more than two years old as of the application deadline will not be accepted (no exceptions).
  5. If you are completing a program at a Canadian university and have been in Canada less than two years you are advised, but not required, to submit English language proficiency test scores.
  6. See the School of Graduate Studies website for important details on acceptable English language proficiency tests.

TOEFL Overall score in Paper Based Test: 580
TWE: 5
Overall score in Internet Based (iBT) Test: 93
Writing & Speaking: 22
IELTS 7.0 (Academic) with at least 6.5 for each component (IELTS Indicator is not acceptable)
COPE 76 (with at least 22 in each component and 32 in the writing component)
Academic Preparation Course, School of Continuing Studies, University of Toronto A final grade of B in Level 60
Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL) 70 with at least 60 in each part

The admission process

Please read in full the application information and instructions prior to starting the university's online admission application to ensure you have informed yourself of essential information including: application deadlines, application processing time, planning for your application submission, how to apply, contact information and the application assessment process.


Once the university's online application form has been completed and the application fee paid (final deadline January 19, 2024), applicants will receive an email message from the Department of Economics with a link to a supplementary form. When this form is completed and the Economics Graduate Office has received all required supporting documentation (final deadline ), the department will begin to review and assess the application. To avoid any issues, we strongly advise applicants to complete their application and supplementary form well in advance of the deadline. To be considered for certain prestigious scholarships, such as the Connaught or Trillium scholarship, the application must be completed by January 19, 2024, including all required supporting documentation.

The application assessment process

The files of applicants who meet the minimum requirements, submit all the required documents and complete the department supplementary form by the deadline will be reviewed by the Department of Economics Admissions Committee. Note: The meeting of these requirements is only a necessary condition, not a sufficient condition, for acceptance into the program. The Admissions Committee normally starts to make first round offers from mid-March through early April and may continue with subsequent rounds of offers until June. All applicants will be notified either with an offer of admission or rejection of their application by the end of June.

Please see our FAQ pages (MA, PhD) for answers to commonly asked questions.